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Film Industries in India That Everyone Should Know About

Indian Film Industries Segmented by Language

As one of the largest cinema hubs in the world, the Indian film industry is renowned for its glitz, vibrancy, and drama. Every year more than 1800 films get produced in various languages in India.

The film industry is segmented by many Indian languages. Read on to find out the different film industries in India. 


The city of Mumbai, previously called Bombay, is especially relevant in this context as the birthplace and namesake of Bollywood where mainly the language is Hindi. The term is a portmanteau of "Bombay" and "Hollywood".


The cinema of West Bengal, known as Tollywood, refers to the Bengali film industry based in the Tollygunge, Kolkata appreciated for art films. From Satyajit Ray to Rituparno Ghosh, this film industry has contributed to shaping parallel cinema. 


Bhojwood or Bhojiwood refers to the Indian Bhojpuri language film industry based in Uttar Pradesh and Bihar which is a 2000 crore industry having viewership in North America, Europe, and Asia.


Our beloved Punjabi Cinema is referred to as Pollywood based in Punjab where artists and films have huge popularity in the USA, Canada, and the UK too due to the residence of the Punjabi community. 


Then comes another crowd favorite, the South Indian film industry. It mainly encompasses four film cultures: Tamil, Telugu, Malayalam, and Kannada. The Kannada film industry also referred to as Sandalwood, is based in Bangalore is known for its narration, artists, and literary adaptations.


Tamil Cinema is known as Kollywood, which is another film industry influencing a global presence known for mythological adaptations and music. Legends like Rajanikanth and Kamal Hassan are Superstars. And everybody knows about the Mozart of Madras – A.R. Rahman! Telugu Cinema, primarily based in Andhra Pradesh and Telangana, is famous for its directors, fan followers of actors, and grandeur with dance and songs. The combined revenue of the Tamil and Telugu film industries represent 36%.


Telugu cinema, also known as Tollywood, is the segment of Indian cinema dedicated to the production of motion pictures in the Telugu language, widely spoken in the states of Andhra Pradesh and Telangana. It is based in Hyderabad. Known for its directors, fan followers of actors, and grandeur with dance and songs.


The Malayalam industry goes by the name Mollywood, is India's fourth-largest, and based in Kerala. The films produced here are known for their cinematography, story-driven, and realistic plots.

Marathi Film Industry

The Marathi Film Industry has produced some amazing movies over the years and is known for the authenticity of the storyline and characterization. The Marathi film Harishchandrachi Factory became India’s Oscar Entry in 2009.


Informally referred to as Dhollywood or Gollywood, is the Gujarati language film industry. It is one of the major regional film industries in India. One of the major regional and vernacular film industries of the cinema of India, having produced more than one thousand films since its inception.


Known by the sobriquet Ollywood, the Odia language film industry operates in Orissa. In 1974, the Government of Odisha declared film making and construction of cinema theatres as an industry in the state, and in 1976 it established the Odisha Film Development Corporation in Cuttack.


Assamese cinema, also known as Jollywood cinemas, is the cinema in the Assamese language, watched primarily in Assam, known for artistic success and content.

So, If you are learning a new Indian language, the best way to learn is to watch films in the language you are learning, enjoy music, and dance like crazy! Seize the day my friend!


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