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Kavitrayam - the trinity of poets who wrote the Telugu Mahabharat

The Mahabharata was written first in Sanskrit by Rishi Ved Vyas. It took three Telugu scholars their lifetimes to translate it to Telugu

Kavitrayam ~ the trinity of poets

The great Hindu epic of ancient India, Mahabharata was originally available in Sanskrit.  The main story of Mahabharata revolves around the progeny of two brothers Dhritarashtra and Pandu, respectively called the Pandavas and Kauravas. The story leads up to the Kurukshetra War and the battle for the throne of Hastinapura.

dharma written in Hindi between a mandala in the universe. (dharma means - doing the right thing to maintain balance in the world)

The battle was not just a war over a Kingdom but it was a war to establish Dharma. It was a Dharma yudh. Interwoven all through are side-stories of thousands of people of the era. The most important part of the Mahabharata is the Bhagvat Geeta's learnings. The Geeta is a collection of 700 sacred verses. They were recited by Shri Krishna for Arjun.  It is a text holy to Hindus and is considered a handbook for life and for achieving moksha.

It is understandable why Telugu scholars would want to translate it to Telugu as well. But the process to do so was not easy, in fact, it was exceptionally remarkable and must be shared. To know about it, one must know about Kavitrayam, the trinity of poets.

Mahabharata was translated into Telugu over several centuries. It took three poets a lifetime of their effort. Those three poets are namely Nannayya, Tikkana, and Yerrapragada.


Telugu writer for Telugu Mahabharata: Nannaya: Telugu literature

Nannaya was an 11th-century AD poet. Though there was some Telugu literature written before him, it is he who has been bestowed with the title of Adhikavi (first poet). He revived the Telugu language by adding a few alphabets from Sanskrit. He wrote two and a half chapters.


Telugu writer for Telugu Mahabharata Tikkana:  Telugu literature

Tikkana was a 13th-century Telugu poet. He translated the final 15 chapters but did not undertake to translate the half-finished Aranya Parvamu (The forest chapter).


Telugu writer for Telugu Mahabharata - Yerrapragada: Telugu literature

Yeranna was a 14th-century Telugu poet. He translated the remaining half - of the Aranya Parvam (The forest chapter). This trinity of poets put their efforts to deliver the epic in Telugu as well.

Geeta Updesh by Bhagwan Krishna to Arjun

Because of their dedication and creative work, it wasn’t just a translation but also their version of Mahabharata in Telugu. So treasured the Mahabharata is here that there is a saying in Telugu, ‘tinte garelu tinali, vinte bharatam vinali’  which means if you want to eat, eat vadas if you want to listen, listen to the Bharatam (Mahabharat).

Are you aware that you can learn Telugu for free from Language Curry? Download the app now to learn Telugu with help of the learner-friendly chapters and the audio guide. 

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Read this article in English

दिव्यवाणी संस्कृत 

ज्ञान पिपासुयों के लिए ये शोध का विषय …